Undergraduate Research Opportunities
Across all majors, students can work one-on-one with professors and peers on projects that:
- Develop critical thinking skills
- Foster teamwork and collaboration
- Increase marketability to potential employers
- Serve as career preparation
In addition to research done during the school year, TLU’s summer research programs give students hands-on experiences in specialized areas ranging from lab work, to the intersection of theology and gender, to diabetes education in local communities.
These independent studies allow students the opportunity to work closely with professors and gain valuable experience in their prospective fields.
Undergraduate Research Programs
Team Rice, led by Assistant Chemistry Professor Alison Bray has been funded by the USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) to continue with experiments examining uptake of arsenic by rice. Using rice plants grown and harvested over the past year, students focused on digesting the plant materials and conducting various extractions on the soil. Soil samples, water samples, and rice samples were analyzed using the Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer purchased through the USDA NIFA grant. Students have worked on food safety issues examining concentrations of metals and metalloids in products that are often considered healthy such as dried spinach, kale tablets, protein powders, and meal replacement shakes. Students also presented their results as part of a chemistry seminar series and at the American Chemical Society regional meeting.
In continuing the department’s partnership with the USDA, student Michael Penrose traveled to their Agricultural Research Services labs in Beltsville, Maryland to work in the labs od Dr. Yakov Pachepsky and Matt Stocker. Penrose worked on experiments to determine which areas of irrigation pods (near algae mass, away from algae, center or edge of the pond) would be better to draw water from and to help decrease the amount of E. coli in the water used for crops.
Write To Serve
“Write to Serve” is a service-learning program created in 2010 by English Professor Beth Barry to give TLU’s composition students the opportunity to use their research and writing skills to serve the surrounding community. Barry developed the “Write to Serve” concept in response to TLU’s focus on hands-on learning opportunities that link real world experiences with course objectives. The program has since been extended to provide students with an opportunity to work directly with community partners and advance the work started during the academic year.
Since 2011, student writing and research from the Write To Serve Program has acquired $275,000 in grant funding for Comal County Senior Citizens Foundation to support programs like Meals On Wheels, congregate meal services, transportation services, My Friend’s Haus (an adult day center), and educational and activity programs that directly benefit the senior citizens of Comal and Guadalupe counties.
Every summer, the Weston Ranch research program, led by Biology Professors Mark Gustafson and Alan Lievens, allows students to study the biodiversity of plants and insects of the Weston Ranch near Marion. This past summer, Assistant Biology Professor Stephanie Perez worked with students to extract DNA from plants and obtain specific sequences called DNA barcodes. These sequences will be added to an international barcode database, enabling scientists to identify species from these DNA sequences. The students also visited the University of Texas Plant Resources Center in Austin to learn more about research in plant biology.
Led by Associate Professor of Communication Studies Chris Bollinger, students generated workshops exploring identity with respect to identity and race and web-based resources supporting the exploration of these issues. Alumna Mildred Ray's workshop, “Unpacking Our Racism in The Workplace,” looked at whether black people and white people are treated differently in professional settings, or if it is a matter of perception versus reality. The workshop examined the ways individuals portray themselves, understand colleagues, and interact with each other in a professional setting with race being the main focus. Ray’s second workshop, “The New Black Female,” interrogated three common stereotypes with which black women are forced to contend socially. The workshop’s goal was to educate women on how they can address and alter these stereotypes, as well as see themselves in a more positive light.
Ray ’15 is currently works for San Antonio City Councilman Alan E. Warrick, II and her main role is to listen to and be a voice for the community on anything from potholes to crime awareness. She and her colleagues are dedicated to creating a mentorship program for the city’s Eastside that will primarily benefit African-American youth.
Math and Statistics
Alumna Amy Gastauer worked on the project, “A Multivariate LOGIT Model for Determining the Probability of NFL Success Based on the Rating of High School Recruits,” under the direction of Dr. Reza Abbasian, professor and chair of the Department of Math and Computer Science. Since 2002, colleges have utilized a one to five-star rating system to determine the quality of their football recruits. Five-star rating is a term reserved for the best high school football recruits. Every year, approximately 30 high school seniors are awarded the prestigious five-star rating next to their name by the recruiting agencies and sports websites.
On average, 3000 high school seniors sign letters of intent to play football with an FBS program on National Signing Day. Roughly one out of every 1000 recruits is branded a five-star recruit. Their research asks: will most five-star athletes be stars in the NFL? Professor Abbasian’s and Gastauer’s goal was to develop probabilistic models that can be used to calculate the probability of success of a professional football player based on his ranking as a high school recruit. The team looked at more than 20,000 pieces of data from 2002 to 2012 for the ranking of high school recruits, colleges and conferences that recruited the player, and whether or not they were drafted by an NFL team. If the player was drafted, they looked at the level of success achieved during their professional career and devised a metric to quantify various variables and develop specific models.
Political Science & Geography
Sponsored by Geography Professor Kathleen Seal, senior Sarah Neill's research on Texas Voter Turnout won first place at Texas State's Annual Texas Geography Student Research Symposium. Her poster presentation showcased spatial and statistical analysis of the 2012, 2014, and 2016 elections in Texas and what factors encourage Texans to vote. By looking at eligible voters and turnout in each county Neill, a political science major, sought to prove that small homogeneous communities, communities with a small variance in education level, income, age, race, etc., would have a higher turnout rate than vastly diverse counties. Her spatial analysis of the 2014 midterm election and the 2016 presidential election turnouts compared to average median income, percent of the population with a bachelors or higher, and the unemployment rate supports that small alike communities have higher turnout rates. Neill's statistical analysis of the 2012 presidential election showed that the average median income and high school graduation rates have a statistically significant impact on the voter turnout, meaning in communities where all eligible voters are at a similar level the turnout rate is going to be much higher than a community with varying levels.
For Neill, this research is incredibly important in understanding how to run an effective campaign and encourage Texans to vote in all level elections. Texas has the second worse turnout rate in the nation and she believes campaigns at local, state, and national levels will all benefit from these findings as she continues her research as she enters a graduate program.
As part of a project supported by summer funding from the Vice President of Academic Affairs and a Budwine scholarship, Nursing Instructor Kimberly Griffith and students Donniqua Sanders, Luis Rodriguez, and Cayenne Claassen-Luttner began implementing a Spanish-language diabetes education program at clinics in Dallas and New Braunfels. During the clinics, they collected baseline data about participants in the program. For their project, “Evaluating the Impact on Glucose Control of the Viva más y mejor…con su diabetes bajo control Educational DVD,” the group tested the effectiveness of classes centered on a video produced by the Emory Latino Diabetes Education Program. The group has conducted classes for dozens of Spanish-speaking diabetics, including immigrants from Honduras, Ecuador, and Mexico, as well as native Texans.
The students also learned about research design, clinic management, and the intersecting factors that influence patient self-care. The students were surprised by how many study participants had diabetes-related vision loss, and by how few have their own glucometers—a basic tool for diabetes management. As one participant told them, income does play a major role in whether patients are able to access medication, prepare nutritious food, and do regular exercise. This fall, they will begin the next phase of their research project: collecting post-intervention data about participants’ hemoglobin A1C levels (a measure of the average blood glucose level over a three-month period). The students and Professor Griffith will analyze whether the educational program produced statistically significant changes in participants’ HbA1C level.
Physics Department Chair Toni Sauncy oversaw the research of four students, with three of them focusing on projects related to the ongoing development of the optical and materials physics lab facility. Grace Holling worked on establishing a low-temperature photoluminescence system to measure the optical properties of semiconductor material structures, while Justin Harshman concentrated on developing code for calculating transitionenergies of these materials. The materials system of interest—GaAs/InGaAs quantum well Heterostructures—have application in optoelectronic device development. Emily Churchman continued work on constructing a low-cost optical trapping microscope with a redesign of the instrument and development of an improved sample illumination method. The instrument, which traps small dielectric particles using a laser beam, will be used in the Applied Optics course and for future research on trapping birefringent particles using circularly polarized light.
Andrew Hamilton worked on developing a new line of astronomy research at TLU, developing remote control and image acquisition techniques for two telescopes and reconfiguring an old refracting telescope into a helioscope for solar observation. Hamilton’s work will lead to the ability to do astrophotography of both planets in our solar system and of distance objects, as well as photometry observations of distance variable stars and star clusters. This is a new area of interest for Professor Sauncy who made use of connections with a number of astronomy colleagues around the country for expertise. The telescopes will be used for outreach and for further observational astronomy research.
Special Programs & Events
Annual Student Academic Symposium
Started in 2009, the annual Student Academic Symposium (SAS) allows students to share the culmination of their senior thesis or capstone project with the campus community. From conducting and artwork to research on type 2 diabetes and higher education funding in Texas, students have the opportunity to showcase their talent, skills, and knowledge in various academic areas. Over the years, presentations have ranged from "A Review of Three Lactobacillus Species and Their Ability to Reduce the Antigenicity of Cow's Milk Protein" to “Black Masculinity and Responses to the Moynihan Report in Ebony Magazine.”
Undergraduate Research Day at The State Capitol
Texas Undergraduate Research Day at the State Capitol is an opportunity to display the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in research for Texas legislators and the public. The 2015 theme, “Transforming Texas Through Undergraduate Research,” focused on how research done by undergraduate students can positively impact Texas and Texans. Under the direction of Associate Psychology Professor Tiffiny Sia, Texas Lutheran University students Hannah Liebman, Megan McBride and Rene Dominguez presented their research on the effect of optional essay questions in standardized examinations on the scores of minority students.
In addition to the event at the Capitol, their research, “Narrowing The Exam Gap: Impact of Optional Testing Essay Usage on Minority Performance,” was presented at the 2015 Southwestern Psychological Association conference. There, Sia led a teaching demo showing how the addition of an optional essay question on exams benefited English as a Second Language (ESL) and minority students.
In 2017, Chemistry majors Carly Miller and Ramiro Nava represented TLU at Texas Undergraduate Research Day with their poster "Effects of Varying flood Conditions on Arsenic Uptake by Cocodrie Rice." Led by Assistant Chemistry Professor Alison Bray, Miller and Nava's research is part of an ongoing effort to understand how arsenic is taken into rice plants and ultimately rice grains. Team Rice (partly funded by the USDA-NIFA) is looking at ways to mitigate this uptake as arsenic is a carcinogen and toxin, while keeping in mind it is also a critical, global health concern.